Why Bhadla Solar Park is Important for India

bhadla solar park is important for india

Why Bhadla Solar Park is Important for India

The world’s largest solar park is big enough to fit in more than 220 Narendra Modi Stadiums! We are talking about the Bhadla Solar Park located in Jodhpur district, Rajasthan. 

The Bhadla Solar Plant is a 2.245 GW solar plant that can annually produce a power of 7,32,874 MWh. It can power over 10 lakh homes. There are more than 1 crore solar panels in this plant.

Over Rs. 10,000 crore was invested in the solar park. It reduces CO2 emissions by 694,471 tonnes annually.

Highlight

Description

Capacity of Bhadla Solar Park

2,245 MW

Annual Power Production

732,874 MWh

Cost of Creation

Rs. 10,000 crore

Total Area

14,000 acres

Number of Solar Panels

Over 1 crore solar panels

High-End Technologies Used

Robots for Cleaning Panels, Smart Grid Integration, Dual Axis Tracking System

Benefits

Reduction of 694,471 tonnes of CO2 annually

In the video embedded below, you can find the key features of Bhadla Solar power plant.

Video credits to channel: The Hindu

Location of Bhadla Solar Plant

The Bhadla Solar Park is in Bhadla, Phalodi tehsil, Jodhpur district of Rajasthan. It is the largest solar power plant in India, spreading over 14,000 acres. There are several reasons why Bhadla was selected for setting up a solar park. Take a look at some of them:

  1. The availability of large swathes of barren government-owned land in Bhadla makes it ideal for installing this large solar park for harnessing solar energy.
  2. The solar irradiation in Bhadla can be as high as 5.7 KWh/sq. metre per day. Thus, the park can utilise solar radiation throughout the year

Significance of Bhadla Solar Park - India’s Largest Solar Power Plant

Bhadla Solar Park marks an important milestone in India’s solar journey. Here’s how it is helping India:

1. Reducing Carbon Emission

Bhadla Solar Park’s annual reduction in CO2 emissions equals planting more than 2 crore trees. It annually reduces close to 7 lakh tonnes of CO2. This CO2 offset is nearly 1 lakh tonnes more than the offset done by Pavagada Solar Park, India’s 2nd largest solar park.

2. Aligning with India’s International Commitment

To understand the significance of this solar park in Bhadla, you need to understand the solar ambitions and potential of India as well as Rajasthan.

PM Narendra Modi announced the ‘Panchamrit’ as  India’s response to tackling climate change at the 2021 Glasgow Climate Change Conference. The ambitious targets included:

  • Meeting 50% of energy requirements from renewable energy by 2030
  • Achievement of net zero by 2070
  • Generating 500 GW of energy from non-fossil sources by 2030.

Here’s how PM Modi announced the Panchamrit declaration to the world:

Video credits to channel: Narendra Modi

Thus, the development of Bhadla Solar Park must be seen in the context of India’s international commitments to fight climate change. India aims to generate 100 GW of solar energy by 2026. This solar park is crucial to meet this goal as well.

The government has set a target of installing rooftop installation of 40 GW by 2026. You too can install a home solar system to contribute towards achieving this target.  Find the right installer near your location through Das Energie.

3. Achieving Rajasthan Government Solar Energy Target 

The National Institute of Solar Energy estimates the solar potential of Rajasthan at 142 GW. According to the Rajasthan Renewable Energy Policy, 2023, the state has set a target of generating 65 GW of solar energy by 2030. Thus, the the solar park utilises the immense potential of Rajasthan for generating solar electricity. Currently, the capacity of the solar park stands at 2,245 MW.

Challenge of Bhadla Solar Park

One major challenge for Bhadla Solar Park is the accumulation of dust on solar panels. As a result, the efficiency of solar panels can be significantly reduced. On top of that, Bhadla faces water scarcity. Cleaning the panels is a top priority at the solar park for effective maintenance. While some developers are using robots, others use water or roller brushes to clean the panels.

Some of the project developers are using robotic technologies to clean the panels. In the following section, we describe how they work.

bhadla Solar Park cleaning with robotic technology
Image: Ecoppia

Technologies Used at Bhadla Solar Park

Here are some notable technologies being used at Bhadla Solar Park:

1. Usage of Robotics Technology for Cleaning

Robotics firm Ecoppia has signed agreements with Engie and SB Energy to deploy its robots for cleaning their solar panels. These robots are nightly deployed and clean the panels without any water.

Here’s a video illustrating how the robots clean the panels at Bhadla Solar Power Plant.

Video credits to channel: Ecoppia

2. Dual Axis Tracking Systems

Bhadla Solar Park has over 1 crore solar panels (as per a BBC report). These panels use tracking systems to track the sun’s movement. To ensure sunlight falls directly on a panel, the solar panels use dual-axis trackers. These trackers follow the movement of the sun in both north-south as well as east-west directions.

3. Smart Grid Integration

Bhadla solar park is grid-connected which means it sends electricity to the grid. It uses smart grid technology to minimise costs, manage power outages, and ensure the grid’s stability. This technology controls the supply and demand of electricity.

4. Weather Forecasting 

Radars, satellites, and sensors are used to analyse and forecast the weather. Weather forecasting is important for Bhadla Solar Park because the weather affects the electricity generated by the panels. Cloudy weather, for example, can decrease the sunlight falling on the panels, leading to lower electricity generation.

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Development Phases of Bhadla Solar Park

Bhadla Solar Park was developed in 4 phases with different capacities of solar power. Maximum capacity was installed in Phase III. Take a look at the details:

Development Phase 

Capacity

Number of Plants

Development Agency

Bhadla Solar Project Phase I

75 MW

7 plants

Rajasthan Solar Park Development Company Limited

Bhadla Solar Project Phase II

680 MW

10 plants

Rajasthan Solar Park Development Company Limited

Bhadla Solar Project Phase III

1000 MW

10 plants 

Saurya Urja Company of Rajasthan Limited

Bhadla Solar Project Phase IV

500 MW

10 plants

Adani Renewable Energy Park Rajasthan Ltd

Capacity Breakdown of Bhadla Projects

SECI and NTPC conducted auctions for developing projects at Bhadla Solar Park. From SB Energy to NTPC, several developers funded the projects. 

Here’s a breakdown of the capacity developed by different developers:

Project Developer

Capacity (in MW)

SB Energy

600

Hero Future Energies

300

NTPC

260

ACME Solar

200

Azure Power

200

Charisma Energy/Sunseap

140

Engie

140

Avaada Power

100

Fortum Solar 

70

Vector Green

70

ReNew Power

60

Phelan Energy

50

Electrotherm

5

Aditya Birla

20

LNB Group 

5

Roha Dyechem

25

Total Capacity 

2245

With a capacity of 2,245 MW, Bhadla Solar Park is an icon of India’s solar power ambitions. It is the largest solar park in India and even the world and can power over 10 lakh homes. It will help India to a large extent to achieve the ‘Panchamrit’ goals announced by PM Modi at the Galsgow Climate Change Conference, including the generation of 500 GW of energy from renewable sources by 2030.

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FAQs

The solar park spans over 14,000 acres. It is the world’s largest solar park.

Bhadla Solar Park can generate solar power up to 732,874 MWh annually. It has a capacity of 2,245 MW.

Big names among the developers at Bhadla Solar Park include SB Energy, NTPC, and Hero Future Energies.

Technologies deployed at Bhadla Solar Power Plant include dual-axis trackers in solar panels, robots for cleaning the panels, and smart grid integration.

Over Rs. 10,000 crore was invested in the solar park.

Bhadla Solar Park was developed in 4 phases. The Rajasthan Solar Park Development Company Limited developed the initial 2 phases, Saurya Urja Company of Rajasthan Limited developed the 3rd phase, and Adani Renewable Energy Park Rajasthan Ltd developed the 4th phase.

1 Comment

  • Vivek Sharma

    July 7, 2024 - 5:21 pm

    Has the capacity of the Bhadla Solar Park increased?

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